Oatmeal consumption is associated with better diet quality and lower body mass index in adults: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2010

Victor L. Fulgoni, Yi Fang Chu, Marianne O'Shea, Joanne L Slavin, Maureen A. DiRienzo

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data from the 2001-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed to assess the relationship between oatmeal consumption and nutrient intake, diet quality, and physiological measures in adults 19 years and older (n = 22,823). We hypothesized that oatmeal consumption is associated with a more favorable nutrient intake profile, better diet quality, and healthier physiological end points. Oatmeal consumers (n = 1429) were defined as those who had consumed any amount of cooked oatmeal cereal during a 24-hour recall period. Multiple regression analysis, after transforming variables to normality and using appropriate sample weights to ensure national representation, was used to assess differences between oatmeal consumers and nonconsumers in terms of demographics, and covariate-adjusted analysis of variance was used to assess differences between consumers and nonconsumers in nutrient intakes, diet quality (calculated using the Healthy Eating Index-2010), and physiological measures. Our results show that oatmeal consumers were older than nonconsumers and more likely to be female; they also were less likely to smoke and consumed less alcohol. Consumers had higher intakes of protein, dietary fiber, vitamin A, thiamin, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, copper, selenium, and potassium and lower intakes of total, monounsaturated, and saturated fats; cholesterol; and vitamin B12. Oatmeal consumers had higher Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores and lower body weights, waist circumferences, and body mass indices. To conclude, our results suggest that consuming oatmeal is consistent with better nutrient intakes and a higher diet quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1052-1059
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition Research
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

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Nutrition Surveys
Body Mass Index
Diet
Food
Thiamine
Dietary Fiber
Waist Circumference
Vitamin B 12
Selenium
Vitamin A
Smoke
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Copper
Analysis of Variance
Potassium
Iron
Fats
Cholesterol
Body Weight

Keywords

  • BMI
  • Blood lipids
  • Blood pressure
  • Diet quality
  • NHANES
  • Oatmeal
  • Obesity

Cite this

Oatmeal consumption is associated with better diet quality and lower body mass index in adults : The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2010. / Fulgoni, Victor L.; Chu, Yi Fang; O'Shea, Marianne; Slavin, Joanne L; DiRienzo, Maureen A.

In: Nutrition Research, Vol. 35, No. 12, 01.12.2015, p. 1052-1059.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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