Nutritional genomics and disease prevention: A case for colorectal cancer

Breann E. Abernathy, Erica Chung, Charles C Muscoplat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Within a regular diet, there are many bioactive compounds that have been shown to exhibit chemopreventative properties. In many cases, this is due to their interactions with the genome, or, moreover, the epigenome. Nutritional genomics is the field of study that aims to elucidate the mechanisms and downstream effects that said bioactive compounds employ with respect to disease. Of the chronic ailments that can be modulated by the diet in such a way, cancer prevention is the most heavily studied, particularly colorectal cancer (CRC). This interest is due to the increased exposure and susceptibility for the colonic microenvironment to be modulated by small molecules in the diet. Understanding these mechanisms and implications in cancer prevention is vital for the future of dietetics and personalized medicine. The following case study is entirely theoretical. Its purpose is to illustrate the potential understanding of how dietary constituents can impact the onset and progression of cancer. All patient information in the case study is fictional. Further research is needed for such medical and dietetic advances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalAgro Food Industry Hi-Tech
Volume26
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cancer prevention
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Epigenetics
  • Nutrigenetics
  • Nutrigenomics
  • Nutrition

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