Nutritional evaluation of blood meal and feather meal for turkeys.

J. K. Liu, P. E. Waibel, S. L. Noll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Three samples each of commercial blood meal (BL) and feather meal (FEA) were obtained in Minnesota. True amino acid availability (TAAA) and TMEn contents were determined using Large White male turkeys at 8 wk of age. Average TMEn were 3,458 and 2,976 kcal/kg (DM basis) for BL and FEA, respectively. The TAAA of BL ranged from 86 to 91% for each of 15 amino acids except for isoleucine (74%) and cystine (79%). The TAAA of FEA ranged from 59 to 83%. The three feather meals averaged 72, 72, and 76% in amino acid availability. Two ring-dried blood meals averaged 86 and 82% and one spray dried blood meal averaged 91% in amino acid availability. A positive linear relationship was found between TMEII and TAAA of blood and feather meal samples, suggesting the possibility of approximating the estimation of one from the other in certain ingredients of high protein content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1513-1518
Number of pages6
JournalPoultry science
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1989

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