Nutraceutical or pharmacological potential of Moringa oleifera Lam.

Xianjuan Kou, Biao Li, Julia B. Olayanju, Ning Chen, Justin M. Drake

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

212 Scopus citations

Abstract

Moringa oleifera Lam. (M. oleifera), which belongs to the Moringaceae family, is a perennial deciduous tropical tree, and native to the south of the Himalayan Mountains in northern India. M. oleifera is rich in proteins, vitamin A, minerals, essential amino acids, antioxidants, and flavonoids, as well as isothiocyanates. The extracts from M. oleifera exhibit multiple nutraceutical or pharmacological functions including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-cancer, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective, hypoglycemic, and blood lipid-reducing functions. The beneficial functions of M. oleifera are strongly associated with its phytochemicals such as flavonoids or isothiocyanates with bioactivity. In this review, we summarize the research progress related to the bioactivity and pharmacological mechanisms of M. oleifera in the prevention and treatment of a series of chronic diseases-including inflammatory diseases, neuro-dysfunctional diseases, diabetes, and cancers-which will provide a reference for its potential application in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases or health promotion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number343
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Chronic disease
  • Flavonoids
  • Metabolism
  • Moringa oleifera
  • Pharmacological potential

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