Numerical Study of the Behaviors of Ventilated Supercavities in a Periodic Gust Flow

Renfang Huang, Siyao Shao, Roger E.A. Arndt, Xianwu Luo, Yiwei Wang, Jiarong Hong

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16 Scopus citations


We conducted a numerical simulation of ventilated supercavitation from a forward-facing cavitator in unsteady flows generated by a gust generator under different gust angles of attack and gust frequencies. The numerical method is validated through the experimental results under specific steady and unsteady conditions. It is shown that the simulation can capture the degree of cavity shape fluctuation and internal pressure variation in a gust cycle. Specifically, the cavity centerline shows periodic wavelike undulation with a maximum amplitude matching that of the incoming flow perturbation. The cavity internal pressure also fluctuates periodically, causing the corresponding change of difference between internal and external pressure across the closure that leads to the closure mode change in a gust cycle. In addition, the simulation captures the variation of cavity internal flow, particularly the development internal flow boundary layer along the cavitator mounting strut, upon the incoming flow perturbation, correlating with cavity deformation and closure mode variation. With increasing angle of attack, the cavity exhibits augmented wavelike undulation and pressure fluctuation. As the wavelength of the flow perturbation approaches the cavity length with increasing gust frequency, the cavity experiences stronger wavelike undulation and internal pressure fluctuation but reduced cavitation number variation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number061403
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Renfang Huang is supported by the State Scholarship Fund from China Scholarship Council and the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFC1404200). We also acknowledge the support from the Office of Naval Research (Program Manager, Dr. Thomas Fu) under Grant No. N000141612755 and the start-up funding received by Professor Jiarong Hong from University of Minnesota.

Funding Information:
• National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC1404200; Funder ID:10.13039/501100002855).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by ASME.


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