Numerical simulation of gas flow over microscale airfoils

Quanhua Sun, Iain D. Boyd, Graham V. Candler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Flows over microscale airfoils are investigated using both particle and continuum approaches. An implementation of the information preservation technique based on the direct simulation Monte Carlo method is used to simulate flows over a flat plate of zero thickness at low Reynolds number (Re < 1 × 102), and good agreement is obtained comparing with experimental data and theoretical results. Investigation shows that the aerodynamics of a flat plate with thickness ratio of 5% at Re = 4 is quite different from that at Re = 4 × 103 that were measured experimentally. A continuum approach with slip boundary conditions predicts a similar basic flow pattern as the information preservation method with differences in details, which may indicate that continuum approaches are not suitable for this kind of flow because of rarefied effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-179
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of thermophysics and heat transfer
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


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