Numerical modeling of delayed damage and failure of concrete structures under sustained loading

Qing Wang, Jia Liang Le, Xiaodan Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The combination of subcritical damage growth and creep deformation can cause delayed failure of concrete materials. Such a time-dependent failure behavior adds a new consideration in design of concrete structures. To investigate this behavior, a time-dependent constitutive model for concrete is proposed. The model is anchored by integration of the continuum damage mechanics and nonlinear creep theory. It captures several essential mechanisms responsible for delayed failure behavior of concrete, which include instantaneous softening damage, plasticity, subcritical damage growth, and nonlinear creep. The model is calibrated by the creep experiments on concrete specimens under uniaxial compression and three-point bending. It is shown that the model can well capture the time-dependent deformation and failure of concrete structures under a wide range of loading levels. The contributions of different individual mechanisms to the overall structural response are investigated. The calibrated model is then used to simulate the response of a reinforced concrete frame under sustained loading. The simulation yields the stress-life curve, which is an essential metric describing the delayed failure behavior of concrete structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113568
JournalEngineering Structures
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Concrete structures
  • Creep
  • Delayed failure
  • Instantaneous damage
  • Subcritical damage growth


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