Numerical investigation of ventilated cavitating flow in the wake of a circular cylinder

Zhiying Wang, Han Liu, Qiang Gao, Zhan Wang, Yiwei Wang, Guoyu Wang, Lian Shen

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Ventilated cavitating flow of a circular cylinder is investigated by numerical simulation. The coupled level set and volume of fluid method is used to capture the interface between the cavity and surrounding water. The simulation results indicate that the bubble size distribution in the wake is closely related to the turbulence intensity. The bubble number reaches its peak value in the closure region owing to the high turbulence intensity there. When the gas entrainment coefficient Qv increases, the length of the cavity increases and the turbulent kinetic energy decreases, leading to a decrease in the bubble number and an increase in the Sauter mean diameter. It is also found that the presence of the ventilated cavitation delays the formation of vortices and affects the vortex shedding. In the single phase flow, the enstrophy is concentrated in the shear layer and closure region. In the ventilated cavitating flow, on the other hand, the enstrophy is mainly distributed at the cavity interface and the re-entrant region, which indicates that the instability of the cavity interface and the existence of the re-entrant jet play important roles in the formation of vortices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064303
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 8 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Z.W., Z.W., and G.W. gratefully acknowledge the support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11902323 and No. 11772341), the Key Research Program of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Science (Grant No. QYZDBSSW-SYS015), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Science (Grant No. XDB22040203). Z.W. also appreciates the support from the China Scholarship Council for her visit to the University of Minnesota in 2018–2019 to conduct this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Physical Society.


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