Numerical investigation of nanoparticle deposition location and pattern on a sharp-bent tube wall

Dong Bin Kwak, Seong Chan Kim, Handol Lee, David Y.H. Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The characteristics of fluid flow on a sharp-bent tube under various conditions were analyzed. Numerical simulations for analyzing the particle deposition locations and patterns on a sharp-bent tube were conducted by using the modified single-particle tracking analysis based on aerosol mass flow rate. Through the numerical calculation, we showed that after the bending point in a sharp-bent tube, the faster axial velocity occurred near the outer wall, and the boundary layer at high Reynolds number became thinner. Furthermore, the faster radial velocity near the tube wall was observed at less developed-flow region at high Reynolds number owing to the stronger secondary flow. The nanoparticle deposition locations and patterns were systematically examined in various viewpoints including cumulative number of deposited particles, local deposition enhancement factor, and particle deposition pattern according to azimuthal angles. We found that most of the nanoparticles were deposited on the outer wall right after the bending point owing to outward-sloping flow. Moreover, the difference in relative deposition efficiency along the azimuthal angles at each section in the sharp-bent tube was reduced as Reynolds number increased. This is because the nanoparticles near the wall were well mixed due to the strong secondary flow at high Reynolds number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120534
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Deposition location
  • Lagrangian particle tracking method
  • Particle deposition pattern
  • Secondary flow
  • Sharp-bent tube

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