Numerical investigation of nanoparticle deposition location and pattern on a sharp-bent tube wall

Dong Bin Kwak, Seong Chan Kim, Handol Lee, David Y.H. Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The characteristics of fluid flow on a sharp-bent tube under various conditions were analyzed. Numerical simulations for analyzing the particle deposition locations and patterns on a sharp-bent tube were conducted by using the modified single-particle tracking analysis based on aerosol mass flow rate. Through the numerical calculation, we showed that after the bending point in a sharp-bent tube, the faster axial velocity occurred near the outer wall, and the boundary layer at high Reynolds number became thinner. Furthermore, the faster radial velocity near the tube wall was observed at less developed-flow region at high Reynolds number owing to the stronger secondary flow. The nanoparticle deposition locations and patterns were systematically examined in various viewpoints including cumulative number of deposited particles, local deposition enhancement factor, and particle deposition pattern according to azimuthal angles. We found that most of the nanoparticles were deposited on the outer wall right after the bending point owing to outward-sloping flow. Moreover, the difference in relative deposition efficiency along the azimuthal angles at each section in the sharp-bent tube was reduced as Reynolds number increased. This is because the nanoparticles near the wall were well mixed due to the strong secondary flow at high Reynolds number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120534
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Dr. Jason Wang at Applied Materials for valuable comments and support. The authors also thank the support of members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3 M Corporation, Applied Materials, Inc. BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co. China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc. Donaldson Company, Inc. Entegris, Inc. Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co. Ltd, LG Electronics Inc. MSP Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co. Ltd. Shigematsu Works Co. Ltd. TSI Inc. W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). URL: http://cfr.umn.edu. This work was supported by INHA UNIVERSITY Research Grant. The authors acknowledge the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute (MSI) at the University of Minnesota for providing resources that contributed to the research results reported within this paper.

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Dr. Jason Wang at Applied Materials for valuable comments and support. The authors also thank the support of members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3 M Corporation, Applied Materials, Inc., BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co., China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc., Donaldson Company, Inc., Entegris, Inc., Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co., Ltd, LG Electronics Inc., MSP Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co., Ltd., Shigematsu Works Co., Ltd., TSI Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). URL: http://cfr.umn.edu . This work was supported by INHA UNIVERSITY Research Grant. The authors acknowledge the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute (MSI) at the University of Minnesota for providing resources that contributed to the research results reported within this paper.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

Keywords

  • Deposition location
  • Lagrangian particle tracking method
  • Particle deposition pattern
  • Secondary flow
  • Sharp-bent tube

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