Number of repetitions required to retain single-digit multiplication math facts for elementary students

Matthew K Burns, James E Ysseldyke, Peter M. Nelson, Rebecca Kanive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Computational fluency is an important aspect of math proficiency. Despite widely held beliefs about the differential difficulty of single-digit multiplication math facts, little empirical work has examined this issue. The current study analyzed the number of repetitions needed to master multiplication math facts. Data from 15,402 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders were analyzed using a national database. Results suggested that (a) students with lower math skills required significantly (p < .001) more repetitions than more skilled students; (b) across all students, single-digit multiplication facts with 4s, 5s, 6s, and 7s required significantly (p < .001) more repetition than did 2s and 3s; and (c) the number of practice sessions needed to attain mastery significantly (p < .001) decreased with increase in grade level. Implications for instructional planning and implementation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages8
JournalSchool Psychology Quarterly
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Math fluency
  • Multiplication facts
  • Repetition

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