Nucleosynthesis bounds in gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking theories

T. Gherghetta, G. F. Giudice, A. Riotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

In gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking theories the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle can decay during or after the nucleosynthesis epoch. The decay products such as photons and hadrons can destroy the light element abundances. Restricting the damage that these decays can do leads to constraints on the abundance and lifetime of the NLSP. We compute the freezeout abundance of the NLSP by including all coannihilation thresholds which are particularly important in the case in which the NLSP is the lightest stau. We find that the upper bound on the messenger scale can be as stringent as 1012 GeV when the NLSP is the lightest neutralino and 1013 GeV when the NLSP is the lightest stau. Our findings disfavour models of gauge mediation where the messenger scale is close to the GUT scale or results from balancing renormalisable interactions with non-renormalisable operators at the Planck scale. When combined with the requirement of no gravitino overabundance, our bound implies that the reheating temperature after inflation must be less than 107 GeV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume446
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

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