Nucleation of relativistic first-order phase transitions

László P. Csernai, Joseph I Kapusta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

196 Scopus citations


We apply the general formalism of Langer to compute the nucleation rate for systems of relativistic particles with a zero or small baryon-number density and which undergo first-order phase transitions. In particular, we obtain an expression for the pre-exponential factor and it is proportional to the viscosity. The initial growth rate of a critical size bubble or droplet is limited by the ability of dissipative processes to transport latent heat away from the surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1379-1390
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992


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