Novel pyrene- and anthracene-based Schiff base derivatives as Cu 2+ and Fe3+ fluorescence turn-on sensors and for aggregation induced emissions

Muthaiah Shellaiah, Yen Hsing Wu, Ashutosh Singh, Mandapati V. Ramakrishnam Raju, Hong Cheu Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel pyrene- and anthracene-based Schiff base derivatives P1 and A1 were synthesized via a one-pot reaction and utilized as fluorescence turn-on sensors towards Cu2+ and Fe3+ ions, respectively, and for aggregation induced emissions (AIEs). P1 in CH3CN and A1 in THF illustrated the fluorescence turn-on sensing towards Cu2+ and Fe 3+ ions, respectively, via chelation enhanced fluorescence (CHEF) through excimer (P1-P1* and A1-A1*) formation. The 2:1 stoichiometry of the sensor complexes (P1 + Cu2+ and A1 + Fe3+) were calculated from Job plots based on UV-Vis absorption titrations. In addition, the binding sites of sensor complexes (P1 + Cu2+ and A1 + Fe 3+) were well established from the 1H NMR titrations and supported by the fluorescence reversibility by adding metal ions and PMDTA sequentially. The detection limits (LODs) and the association constant (K a) values of P1 + Cu2+ and A1 + Fe3+ sensor responses were calculated by standard deviations, linear fittings and from their fluorescence binding isotherms. More importantly, P1 + Cu2+ and A1 + Fe3+ sensors were found to be active in wide ranges of pHs (1-14 and 2-14, respectively). Moreover, the time effect along with the enhancements of quantum yield (Φ) and time resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) decay constant (τ) towards sensor responses were investigated. Similarly, P1 in CH 3CN and A1 in THF showed AIEs by increasing the aqueous media concentration from 0% to 90%, with altered fluorescence peak shifts (red and blue shifts, respectively). As well as τ value enhancements, the Φ values of 0.506 and 0.567 (with 630- and 101-fold enhancements) were acquired for P1 in CH3CN:H2O (20:80) and A1 in THF:H2O (40:60), respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1310-1318
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2013

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