Not Just Academics: Paths of Longitudinal Effects from Parent Involvement to Substance Abuse in Emerging Adulthood

Momoko Hayakawa, Alison Giovanelli, Michelle M. Englund, Arthur J. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose By the 12th grade, half of American adolescents have abused an illicit drug at least once (Johnston et al., 2015). Although many substance misuse prevention programs exist, we propose an alternative mechanism for reducing substance use. There is evidence that parent involvement is related to reductions in children's behavior problems which then predict later substance abuse. We examine the Child-Parent Center (CPC) program, an early childhood intervention, as a strategy to impact substance abuse. Methods We conducted a path analysis from CPC to parent involvement through early adolescent problem behaviors and competencies to young adult substance abuse. Participants (N = 1,203; 51.5% female; 93.8% African-American) were assessed from age 3 to 26 years. Results CPC participation initiates a pathway to increased parent involvement and expectations, which positively impact adolescents' competencies and problem behaviors, lowering rates of substance abuse. Conclusions Through early childhood education, increasing early parental involvement and expectations can alter life-course outcomes by providing children with a foundation for positive behaviors and encouraging adaptive functioning in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-439
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Institute of Health (grant: R01HD034294 ) and U.S. Department of Education (grant: U411B110098 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.


  • Mechanisms of substance abuse prevention
  • Parent involvement
  • Substance abuse


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