Normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism associated with relatively low 1:25 vitamin D levels post-renal transplant can be successfully treated with oral calcitriol

P. I. Lobo, M. S. Cortez, W. Stevenson, T. L. Pruett

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44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since endogenous 1:25 vitamin D (1:25VD) is principally,involved with involution of secondary hyperparathyroidism post-renal transplant we correlated 1:25VD levels with intact PTH in 82 random patients with a serum creatinine of < 2 mg/dl and with normal hepatic function. All patients studied were normocalcemic with;normal phosphorus and received azathioprine, cyclosporin A and prednisone. Of considerable interest, of the 42 patients studied after 2 years post-transplant, there were 8 (19%) patients with intact PTH of more than twice the upper limit of normal (normal 10-65 pg/ml) and other 15 (36%) with PTH levels above normal. Secondly, in no patient did we see 1:25VD above normal (normal 15-60 pg/ml) despite levels of PTH of > 200 pg/ml. Of concern, 20% of 73 patients had 1:25VD deficiency (< 15 pg/ml). This may not have been previously I appreciated because of the number of patients studied. Like previous investigators, we failed-to understand why 1:25 levels were relatively low. There was no correlation between 1:25VD and serum creatinine. Of 25 patients with a serum creatinine of 1.4 or less there were 10 patients (40%) with 1:25VD of less than 20 pg/ml. Since persistently high PTH can contribute to bone demineralization, which is not uncommon post-transplant, we treated 8 patients with small doses of oral 1:25VD (rocaltrol). In less than 5-months PTH levels returned to normal in 7 of the 8 patients. The current studies clearly indicate, that asymptomatic hyperparathyroidism is common even after 2 years post-renal transplant, Monitoring for PTH and 1:25VD will help prevent bone disease post-transplant now that rocaltrol is available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-281
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • 1:25 vitamin D renal transplant
  • Calcitriol therapy
  • Hyperparathyroidism

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