Nonthermal Plasma Synthesis of Nanocrystals

Fundamentals, Applications, and Future Research Needs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonthermal plasma synthesis has emerged as a viable alternative to nanocrystal synthesis in the liquid phase or by other gas phase based methods. The nonequilibrium environment containing free charge carriers enables the synthesis of nanocrystals with excellent crystallinity and narrow size distributions. This paper reviews the fundamental mechanisms involved in the synthesis of nanocrystals with nonthermal plasmas. It discusses the luminescent properties of plasma-produced silicon nanocrystals and their application in devices such as light emitting diodes. The ability of plasma synthesis to generate doped nanocrystals is a particularly appealing attribute. We present boron and phosphorous doped silicon nanocrystals and review their applications as near infrared plasmonic materials. Finally, the author presents his view of some important research needs in the area of nonthermal plasma synthesis of nanocrystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-84
Number of pages12
JournalPlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Nanocrystals
nanocrystals
Plasmas
synthesis
Silicon
Boron
silicon
Charge carriers
Light emitting diodes
charge carriers
crystallinity
liquid phases
boron
light emitting diodes
Gases
vapor phases
Infrared radiation
Liquids

Keywords

  • Electronic materials
  • Nanocrystals
  • Nonthermal plasma
  • Thin films

How much support was provided by MRSEC?

  • Partial

Reporting period for MRSEC

  • Period 2

Cite this

Nonthermal Plasma Synthesis of Nanocrystals : Fundamentals, Applications, and Future Research Needs. / Kortshagen, Uwe.

In: Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, Vol. 36, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 73-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{7f8d3f7ced234df3aee4c605ea4de84f,
title = "Nonthermal Plasma Synthesis of Nanocrystals: Fundamentals, Applications, and Future Research Needs",
abstract = "Nonthermal plasma synthesis has emerged as a viable alternative to nanocrystal synthesis in the liquid phase or by other gas phase based methods. The nonequilibrium environment containing free charge carriers enables the synthesis of nanocrystals with excellent crystallinity and narrow size distributions. This paper reviews the fundamental mechanisms involved in the synthesis of nanocrystals with nonthermal plasmas. It discusses the luminescent properties of plasma-produced silicon nanocrystals and their application in devices such as light emitting diodes. The ability of plasma synthesis to generate doped nanocrystals is a particularly appealing attribute. We present boron and phosphorous doped silicon nanocrystals and review their applications as near infrared plasmonic materials. Finally, the author presents his view of some important research needs in the area of nonthermal plasma synthesis of nanocrystals.",
keywords = "Electronic materials, Nanocrystals, Nonthermal plasma, Thin films",
author = "Uwe Kortshagen",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11090-015-9663-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "73--84",
journal = "Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing",
issn = "0272-4324",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nonthermal Plasma Synthesis of Nanocrystals

T2 - Fundamentals, Applications, and Future Research Needs

AU - Kortshagen, Uwe

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Nonthermal plasma synthesis has emerged as a viable alternative to nanocrystal synthesis in the liquid phase or by other gas phase based methods. The nonequilibrium environment containing free charge carriers enables the synthesis of nanocrystals with excellent crystallinity and narrow size distributions. This paper reviews the fundamental mechanisms involved in the synthesis of nanocrystals with nonthermal plasmas. It discusses the luminescent properties of plasma-produced silicon nanocrystals and their application in devices such as light emitting diodes. The ability of plasma synthesis to generate doped nanocrystals is a particularly appealing attribute. We present boron and phosphorous doped silicon nanocrystals and review their applications as near infrared plasmonic materials. Finally, the author presents his view of some important research needs in the area of nonthermal plasma synthesis of nanocrystals.

AB - Nonthermal plasma synthesis has emerged as a viable alternative to nanocrystal synthesis in the liquid phase or by other gas phase based methods. The nonequilibrium environment containing free charge carriers enables the synthesis of nanocrystals with excellent crystallinity and narrow size distributions. This paper reviews the fundamental mechanisms involved in the synthesis of nanocrystals with nonthermal plasmas. It discusses the luminescent properties of plasma-produced silicon nanocrystals and their application in devices such as light emitting diodes. The ability of plasma synthesis to generate doped nanocrystals is a particularly appealing attribute. We present boron and phosphorous doped silicon nanocrystals and review their applications as near infrared plasmonic materials. Finally, the author presents his view of some important research needs in the area of nonthermal plasma synthesis of nanocrystals.

KW - Electronic materials

KW - Nanocrystals

KW - Nonthermal plasma

KW - Thin films

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955387820&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955387820&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11090-015-9663-4

DO - 10.1007/s11090-015-9663-4

M3 - Review article

VL - 36

SP - 73

EP - 84

JO - Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

JF - Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

SN - 0272-4324

IS - 1

ER -