Nonthermal plasma synthesis of nanocrystals: Fundamental principles, materials, and applications

Uwe R. Kortshagen, R. Mohan Sankaran, Rui N. Pereira, Steven L. Girshick, Jeslin J. Wu, Eray S. Aydil

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

188 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nonthermal plasmas have emerged as a viable synthesis technique for nanocrystal materials. Inherently solvent and ligand-free, nonthermal plasmas offer the ability to synthesize high purity nanocrystals of materials that require high synthesis temperatures. The nonequilibrium environment in nonthermal plasmas has a number of attractive attributes: energetic surface reactions selectively heat the nanoparticles to temperatures that can strongly exceed the gas temperature; charging of nanoparticles through plasma electrons reduces or eliminates nanoparticle agglomeration; and the large difference between the chemical potentials of the gaseous growth species and the species bound to the nanoparticle surfaces facilitates nanocrystal doping. This paper reviews the state of the art in nonthermal plasma synthesis of nanocrystals. It discusses the fundamentals of nanocrystal formation in plasmas, reviews practical implementations of plasma reactors, surveys the materials that have been produced with nonthermal plasmas and surface chemistries that have been developed, and provides an overview of applications of plasma-synthesized nanocrystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11061-11127
Number of pages67
JournalChemical Reviews
Volume116
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 28 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
U.R.K., J.J.W., and E.S.A. acknowledge primary support by the U.S. National Science Foundation under MRSEC grant DMR- 1420013. U.R.K. and E.S.A. also received partial support from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fusion Energy Science (DE-SC0001939). S.L.G. was partially supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (CHE-124752) and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fusion Energy Science (DESC0001939).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Chemical Society.

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

How much support was provided by MRSEC?

  • Primary

Reporting period for MRSEC

  • Period 3

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Nonthermal plasma synthesis of nanocrystals: Fundamental principles, materials, and applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this