Nonlinear relationship between Silver Carp density and their eDNA concentration in a large river

David P. Coulter, Ping Wang, Alison A. Coulter, Grace E. Van Susteren, Jessica J. Eichmiller, James E. Garvey, Peter W Sorensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although environmental DNA (eDNA) is increasingly being used to survey for the presence of rare and/or invasive fishes in aquatic systems, the utility of this technique has been limited by a poor understanding of whether and how eDNA concentrations relate to fish density, especially in rivers. We conducted a field study to systematically test whether the eDNA released by a model invasive fish, Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix), was related to the density of this species in a large river. We quantified fish density throughout the 460 km long Illinois River using hydroacoustic surveys at 23 sites while concurrently collecting 192 surface water samples for eDNA analysis. We found that Silver Carp numerical density and biomass density were positively and non-linearly related to eDNA concentration and detection rate. Both eDNA concentration (copy number) and detection rate increased rapidly as Silver Carp density increased but plateaued at moderate densities. These relationships could prove useful for estimating Silver Carp relative abundance in newly invaded locations where population numbers are low to moderate. Future studies should explore the causes of this nonlinear relationship as it would ultimately benefit aquatic species monitoring and management programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0218823
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

Coulter, D. P., Wang, P., Coulter, A. A., Van Susteren, G. E., Eichmiller, J. J., Garvey, J. E., & Sorensen, P. W. (2019). Nonlinear relationship between Silver Carp density and their eDNA concentration in a large river. PloS one, 14(6), [e0218823]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218823