Nonlinear harmonic generation in two-dimensional lattices of repulsive magnets

Weijian Jiao, Stefano Gonella

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In this work, we provide experimental evidence of nonlinear wave propagation in a triangular lattice of repulsive magnets supported by an elastic foundation of thin pillars, and we interpret all the individual features of the nonlinear wave field through the lens of a phonon band calculation that precisely accounts for the interparticle repulsive forces. We confirm the coexistence of two spectrally distinct components (homogeneous and forced) in the wave response that is induced via second harmonic generation (SHG) as a result of the quadratic nonlinearity embedded in the magnetic interaction. The detection of the forced component, specifically, allows us to attribute unequivocally the generation of harmonics to the nonlinear mechanisms germane to the lattice. We show that the spatial characteristics of the second harmonic components are markedly different from those exhibited by the fundamental harmonic. This endows the lattice with a functionality enrichment capability, whereby additional modal characteristics and directivity patterns can be triggered and tuned by merely increasing the amplitude of excitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012213
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021

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© 2021 American Physical Society.

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