Noninvasive ventilation: An emerging supportive technique for the emergency department

J. R. Hotchkiss, J. J. Marini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is the provision of ventilatory support to a spontaneously breathing patient without endotracheal intubation. In this review, we detail concerns related to endotracheal intubation and summarize the physiologic effects and clinical application of NIV. We then address the use of NIV in 5 conditions of particular interest to the practitioner of emergency medicine: exacerbated chronic obstructive lung disease, severe asthma, patients who are not candidates for endotracheal intubation, pneumonia, and pulmonary edema.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-479
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by National Institutes of Health grant SCOR 50512 and the HealthPartners Research Foundation.


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