Recent advances in noninvasive detection methods for mycobacterial infection in primates create new opportunities for exploring the epidemiology of tuberculosis in free-living species. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) and baboons (Papio anubis) in Gombe National Park, Tanzania, were screened for infection with pathogens of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex using Fecal IS6110 PCR; none was positive. This study demonstrates the feasibility of large-scale mycobacterial screening in wild primates.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Zoetis/Morris Animal Foundation Veterinary Research Fellowship (D10ZO-902) to [TMW], the Graduate School Thesis Travel Grant of the University of Minnesota to [TMW], the National Institutes of Health (R01 AI58715) to [Beatrice Hahn], and the Veterinary Population Medicine Department of the University of Minnesota's College of Veterinary Medicine. The chimpanzee demographic data utilized in this project were contributed by our colleagues from the Jane Goodall Institute Research Center at Duke University. We are grateful to the Gombe Stream Research Center staff for their generous assistance in project sampling and the laboratory staff of the Sreevatsan lab at the University of Minnesota for their assistance and expertise. We also thank the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH), Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI), and Tanzania National Parks Association (TANAPA) for approval to undertake the research.
- Fecal IS6110 PCR
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex