Noninvasive quantification of human brain ascorbate concentration using1H NMR spectroscopy at 7 T

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Abstract

Ascorbate (Asc, vitamin C) was quantified in the human brain noninvasively using two different 1H NMR spectroscopy methods: short-echo time STEAM and MEGA-PRESS homonuclear editing. Taking advantage of increased sensitivity and chemical shift dispersion at 7 T, Asc was quantified with increased reliability relative to our previous study accomplished at 4 T. Asc concentration quantified from short-echo time spectra measured from the occipital lobe of eight healthy subjects ([Asc]=1.1 ± 0.3mmol/g, meanWSD) was in excellent agreement with Asc concentration quantified from the same volume of interest using homonuclear editing ([Asc]=1.2 ± 0.2μmol/g). This agreement indicates that at 7 T, Asc can be reliably quantified in the human brain simultaneously with 15 other metabolites. Additional advantages of the short-echo time approach were: shorter measurement time than homonuclear editing and minimal effect of T 2 relaxation on Asc quantification. High magnetic field was also beneficial for Asc quantification with MEGA-PRESS because increased chemical shift dispersion enabled editing with full efficiency, which resulted in a supra-linear gain in signal-to-noise ratio relative to 4 T.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-232
Number of pages6
JournalNMR in biomedicine
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

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Chemical shift
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Brain
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Metabolites
Time measurement
Ascorbic Acid
Signal to noise ratio
Magnetic fields
Occipital Lobe
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Magnetic Fields
Healthy Volunteers

Keywords

  • 7 T
  • Ascorbate
  • Brain
  • Human
  • MEGA-PRESS
  • MRS
  • Noninvasive
  • STEAM

Cite this

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title = "Noninvasive quantification of human brain ascorbate concentration using1H NMR spectroscopy at 7 T",
abstract = "Ascorbate (Asc, vitamin C) was quantified in the human brain noninvasively using two different 1H NMR spectroscopy methods: short-echo time STEAM and MEGA-PRESS homonuclear editing. Taking advantage of increased sensitivity and chemical shift dispersion at 7 T, Asc was quantified with increased reliability relative to our previous study accomplished at 4 T. Asc concentration quantified from short-echo time spectra measured from the occipital lobe of eight healthy subjects ([Asc]=1.1 ± 0.3mmol/g, meanWSD) was in excellent agreement with Asc concentration quantified from the same volume of interest using homonuclear editing ([Asc]=1.2 ± 0.2μmol/g). This agreement indicates that at 7 T, Asc can be reliably quantified in the human brain simultaneously with 15 other metabolites. Additional advantages of the short-echo time approach were: shorter measurement time than homonuclear editing and minimal effect of T 2 relaxation on Asc quantification. High magnetic field was also beneficial for Asc quantification with MEGA-PRESS because increased chemical shift dispersion enabled editing with full efficiency, which resulted in a supra-linear gain in signal-to-noise ratio relative to 4 T.",
keywords = "7 T, Ascorbate, Brain, Human, MEGA-PRESS, MRS, Noninvasive, STEAM",
author = "Melissa Terpstra and Kamil Ugurbil and Ivan Tkac",
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AU - Ugurbil, Kamil

AU - Tkac, Ivan

PY - 2010/4/1

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N2 - Ascorbate (Asc, vitamin C) was quantified in the human brain noninvasively using two different 1H NMR spectroscopy methods: short-echo time STEAM and MEGA-PRESS homonuclear editing. Taking advantage of increased sensitivity and chemical shift dispersion at 7 T, Asc was quantified with increased reliability relative to our previous study accomplished at 4 T. Asc concentration quantified from short-echo time spectra measured from the occipital lobe of eight healthy subjects ([Asc]=1.1 ± 0.3mmol/g, meanWSD) was in excellent agreement with Asc concentration quantified from the same volume of interest using homonuclear editing ([Asc]=1.2 ± 0.2μmol/g). This agreement indicates that at 7 T, Asc can be reliably quantified in the human brain simultaneously with 15 other metabolites. Additional advantages of the short-echo time approach were: shorter measurement time than homonuclear editing and minimal effect of T 2 relaxation on Asc quantification. High magnetic field was also beneficial for Asc quantification with MEGA-PRESS because increased chemical shift dispersion enabled editing with full efficiency, which resulted in a supra-linear gain in signal-to-noise ratio relative to 4 T.

AB - Ascorbate (Asc, vitamin C) was quantified in the human brain noninvasively using two different 1H NMR spectroscopy methods: short-echo time STEAM and MEGA-PRESS homonuclear editing. Taking advantage of increased sensitivity and chemical shift dispersion at 7 T, Asc was quantified with increased reliability relative to our previous study accomplished at 4 T. Asc concentration quantified from short-echo time spectra measured from the occipital lobe of eight healthy subjects ([Asc]=1.1 ± 0.3mmol/g, meanWSD) was in excellent agreement with Asc concentration quantified from the same volume of interest using homonuclear editing ([Asc]=1.2 ± 0.2μmol/g). This agreement indicates that at 7 T, Asc can be reliably quantified in the human brain simultaneously with 15 other metabolites. Additional advantages of the short-echo time approach were: shorter measurement time than homonuclear editing and minimal effect of T 2 relaxation on Asc quantification. High magnetic field was also beneficial for Asc quantification with MEGA-PRESS because increased chemical shift dispersion enabled editing with full efficiency, which resulted in a supra-linear gain in signal-to-noise ratio relative to 4 T.

KW - 7 T

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KW - Noninvasive

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