Noninvasive estimation of tissue temperature via high-resolution spectral analysis techniques

Ali Nasiri Amini, Emad S. Ebbini, Tryphon T. Georgiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


We address the noninvasive temperature estimation from pulse-echo radio frequency signals from standard diagnostic ultrasound imaging equipment. In particular, we investigate the use of a high-resolution spectral estimation method for tracking frequency shifts at two or more harmonic frequencies associated with temperature change. The new approach, employing generalized second-order statistics, is shown to produce superior frequency shift estimates when compared to conventional high-resolution spectral estimation methods Seip and Ebbini (1995). Furthermore, temperature estimates from the new algorithm are compared with results from the more commonly used echo shift method described in Simon et al. (1998).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received December 1, 2003; revised May 31, 2004. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and in part by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR). Asterisk indicates corresponding author. *A. Nasiri Amini is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA (e-mail: [email protected]).


  • Diagnostic ultrasound
  • Maximum entropy
  • Spectral analysis
  • State-covariance
  • Super-resolution


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