Nondestructive monitoring of subsurface damage progression in concrete columns damaged by earthquake loading

Katelyn Freeseman, Lev Khazanovich, Kyle Hoegh, Alireza Nojavan, Arturo E. Schultz, Shih Ho Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The assessment of the structural integrity of infrastructure after extreme events is an important application of nondestructive technology. Advancements in elastic wave-based methods in recent years have allowed for productive and accurate quantitative analysis which was previously lacking. In this study, ultrasonic array measurements coupled with a modified signature analysis method were implemented for damage detection purposes. Full-scale testing of a reinforced concrete column subjected to simulated earthquake loading was tested using ultrasound nondestructive testing at various stages of loading. A signature analysis technique was adapted to create improved reconstructions and was coupled with a quantitative analysis incorporating Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results demonstrated the ability to detect internal damages and defects prior to appearance on the surface using one-sided access, showing promise for health monitoring applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-157
Number of pages10
JournalEngineering Structures
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This paper presents a modification of the 2D-UTSA method in order to monitor damage progression of a heavily reinforced concrete member and applied for evaluation of full-scale reinforced concrete moment frame columns that were tested by extreme earthquake loading protocols. These tests are part of a research project sponsored by George E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) of the National Science Foundation (NSF). Details of this experimental investigation have been reported by Nojavan et al. [16] .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Column
  • Earthquake loading
  • Health monitoring
  • Nondestructive testing
  • One-sided access
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Ultrasound


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