Nondaily smoking patterns in young adulthood

Elizabeth G. Klein, Debra H. Bernat, Kathleen M Lenk, Jean Forster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: Many young adult smokers routinely smoke less than daily. Prospective, longitudinal data are needed to describe and predict the influences on smoking patterns among nondaily young adult smokers. Methods: Latent class growth analysis was used to examine developmental trajectories and predictors of nondaily cigarette smoking among young adults aged 18 to 21 in the Upper Midwestern United States. Results: There were three distinct groups of nondaily smokers during young adulthood (n = 519). College status, previous quit attempts, attitudes toward the meanings of cigarettes, and situational factors influencing smoking were significant predictors of group membership. Conclusions: Nondaily smoking in young adulthood may result in several discrete patterns of smoking between age 18 and 21. Predictors that differentiate smoking trajectories may be useful to promote cessation or reduction in young adult smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2267-2272
Number of pages6
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the National Cancer Institute (R01 CA86191; Jean Forster, Principal Investigator) and ClearWay Minnesota (RC-2007-0018; Jean Forster and Debra Bernat, Co-Principal Investigators).


  • Intermittent
  • Longitudinal
  • Nondaily
  • Smoking
  • Trajectory
  • Young adult


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