Non-Smoking Male Adolescents' Reactions to Cigarette Warnings

Jessica K. Pepper, Linda D. Cameron, Paul L. Reiter, Annie Laurie McRee, Noel T. Brewer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    30 Scopus citations


    Background:The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is working to introduce new graphic warning labels for cigarette packages, the first change in cigarette warnings in more than 25 years. We sought to examine whether warnings discouraged participants from wanting to smoke and altered perceived likelihood of harms among adolescent males and whether these warning effects varied by age.Methods:A national sample of 386 non-smoking American males ages 11-17 participated in an online experiment during fall 2010. We randomly assigned participants to view warnings using a 2×2 between-subjects design. The warnings described a harm of smoking (addiction or lung cancer) using text only or text plus an image used on European cigarette package warnings. Analyses tested whether age moderated the warnings' impact on risk perceptions and smoking motivations.Results:The warnings discouraged most adolescents from wanting to smoke, but lung cancer warnings discouraged them more than addiction warnings did (60% vs. 34% were "very much" discouraged, p

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numbere65533
    JournalPLoS One
    Issue number8
    StatePublished - Aug 7 2013

    PubMed: MeSH publication types

    • Journal Article
    • Randomized Controlled Trial
    • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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