Non-rapid eye movement sleep parasomnias

Mark Mahowald, Carlos H Schenck

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Parasomnias are unpleasant or undesirable behavioral or experiential phenomena that occur during sleep. Once believed unitary phenomena related to psychiatric disorders, it is now clear that parasomnias result from several different phenomena and usually are not related to psychiatric conditions. Parasomnias are categorized as primary (disorders of the sleep states) and secondary (disorders of other organ systems that manifest themselves during sleep). Primary sleep parasomnias can be classified according to the sleep state of origin: rapid eye movement sleep, non-rapid eye movement sleep, and miscellaneous (those not respecting sleep state). Secondary sleep parasomnias are classified by the organ system involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1106
Number of pages30
JournalNeurologic Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005


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