Non-linear rotation-free shell finite-element models for aortic heart valves

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Abstract

Hyperelastic material models have been incorporated in the rotation-free, large deformation, shell finite element (FE) formulation of (Stolarski et al., 2013) and applied to dynamic simulations of aortic heart valve. Two models used in the past in analysis of such problem i.e. the Saint-Venant and May-Newmann–Yin (MNY) material models have been considered and compared. Uniaxial tests for those constitutive equations were performed to verify the formulation and implementation of the models. The issue of leaflets interactions during the closing of the heart valve at the end of systole is considered. The critical role of using non-linear anisotropic model for proper dynamic response of the heart valve especially during the closing phase is demonstrated quantitatively. This work contributes an efficient FE framework for simulating biological tissues and paves the way for high-fidelity flow structure interaction simulations of native and bioprosthetic aortic heart valves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-62
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume50
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2017

Keywords

  • Finite element
  • Non-linear anisotropic model
  • Rotation-free approach
  • Thin shells

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