Non-invasive imaging of ventricular activation during pacing and arrhythmia: Methods and validation

Long Yu, Steven Pogwizd, Bin He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease continued to be a leading killer world widely. Each year, about 400,000 cases of sudden cardiac arrest are reported in the U.S. alone. Clinically, radio-frequency ablative procedure has become widely applied in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmia. Non-invasive approaches have been demonstrated to be able to provide important information on the arrhythmogenesis and potentially assist in the clinical practice. In this work, we develop and validate a novel temporal sparse based imaging method, Cardiac Electrical Sparse Imaging (CESI). Computer simulation and animal validation results demonstrate that the CESI approach is capable of imaging with improved accuracy and robustness by exploiting the temporal sparse property underlying cellular electrophysiology. Overall, a CC of 0.8, RE of 0.2 and LE (localization error) of 7 mm has been achieved on human realistic simulation and good accuracy has been observed in canine simultaneous mapping studies. Also, the technique maintains full temporal resolution (RRE < 0.04) in terms of the activation sequence under various disturbances and in various pathologies such as premature ventricular complex and ventricular tachycardia. Our promising results indicate the excellent performance of noninvasive imaging of cardiac activation under various arrhythmias, and its potential for aiding clinical management of lethal ventricular arrhythmia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages113-116
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781457702204
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2016
Event38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Aug 16 2016Aug 20 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2016-October
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period8/16/168/20/16

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