Non-carbene Complex [RuCl2(PPh3)2(azocane)] as Active Catalyst Precursor for ROMP and ATRP

Rodolpho A.N. Silva, Patrícia Borim, Larissa R. Fonseca, Benedito S. Lima-Neto, José L. Silva Sá, Valdemiro P. Carvalho-Jr

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Abstract: The novel, non-carbene complex [RuCl2(PPh3)2(azocane)] (1) of trigonal bipyramid geometry was synthesized, characterized (CHN elementary analysis, FTIR, EPR, and 31P NMR), and applied as catalyst precursor for ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). ROMP of norbornene (NBE) resulted in 70% yield at 50 °C in 60 min, with [NBE]/[1] = 5000, and 15% yield from ROMP of norbornadiene was obtained under the same conditions. ATRP of methyl methacrylate (MMA) resulted in ca. 20% conversion at 85 °C in 9 h, with [MMA]/[1] = 1000, and increased to ca. 50% in the presence of Al(OiPr)3, with narrower PDI values. With [MMA]/[1] = 200, ca. 50% yield was obtained at 85 °C in 6 h either in the absence or presence of Al(OiPr)3. ATRP of styrene resulted in 9 and 16% conversion at 110 °C in 7 h in the absence or presence of Al(OiPr)3, respectively, with [St]/[1] = 1000. Results are discussed considering the five-coordinated molecular geometry of the starting complex and the arrangements required in ROMP and ATRP to initiate the reactions. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1144-1152
Number of pages9
JournalCatalysis Letters
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


  • ATRP
  • Methyl methacrylate
  • Norbornadiene
  • Norbornene
  • ROMP
  • Ruthenium
  • Styrene


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