Kelvin waves, or Kelvons, have been known for a long time as gapless excitations propagating along superfluid vortices. These modes can be interpreted as the Nambu-Goldstone excitations arising from the spontaneous breaking of the translational symmetry. Recently a different type of gapless excitation localized on strings - the so-called non-Abelian mode - attracted much attention in high-energy physics. We discuss their relevance in condensed matter physics. Non-Abelian rotational quasigapless excitations could appear on the mass vortices in the B phase of the superfluid He3, due to the fact that the order parameter in He3-B is tensorial. While the U(1) rotational excitations are well established in vortices with asymmetric cores, the non-Abelian rotational excitations belonging to the same family were not considered.
|Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
|Published - Apr 25 2013