TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-Abelian duality and confinement

T2 - From N=2 to N=1 supersymmetric QCD

AU - Shifman, M.

AU - Yung, A.

PY - 2011/5/24

Y1 - 2011/5/24

N2 - Recently, we discovered and discussed non-Abelian duality in the quark vacua of N=2 super-Yang-Mills theory with the U(N) gauge group and Nf flavors (Nf>N). Both theories from the dual pair support non-Abelian strings, which confine monopoles. Now we introduce an N=2-breaking deformation, a mass term μA2 for the adjoint fields. Starting from a small deformation, we eventually make it large, which enforces complete decoupling of the adjoint fields. We show that the above non-Abelian duality fully survives in the limit of N=1 supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), albeit some technicalities change. For instance, non-Abelian strings which used to be Bogomol'nyi-Prasad- Sommerfield saturated in the N=2 limit, cease to be saturated in N=1 SQCD. Our duality is a distant relative of Seiberg's duality in N=1 SQCD. Both share some common features, but have many drastic distinctions. This is due to the fact that Seiberg's duality apply to the monopole rather than quark vacua. More specifically, in our theory we deal with N<Nf<32N massive quark flavors. We consider the vacuum in which N squarks condense. Then we identify a crossover transition from weak to strong coupling. At strong coupling, we find a dual theory, U(Nf-N) SQCD, with Nf light dyon flavors. Dyons condense triggering the formation of non-Abelian strings, which confine monopoles. Screened quarks and gauge bosons of the original theory decay into confined monopole-antimonopole pairs and form stringy mesons.

AB - Recently, we discovered and discussed non-Abelian duality in the quark vacua of N=2 super-Yang-Mills theory with the U(N) gauge group and Nf flavors (Nf>N). Both theories from the dual pair support non-Abelian strings, which confine monopoles. Now we introduce an N=2-breaking deformation, a mass term μA2 for the adjoint fields. Starting from a small deformation, we eventually make it large, which enforces complete decoupling of the adjoint fields. We show that the above non-Abelian duality fully survives in the limit of N=1 supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), albeit some technicalities change. For instance, non-Abelian strings which used to be Bogomol'nyi-Prasad- Sommerfield saturated in the N=2 limit, cease to be saturated in N=1 SQCD. Our duality is a distant relative of Seiberg's duality in N=1 SQCD. Both share some common features, but have many drastic distinctions. This is due to the fact that Seiberg's duality apply to the monopole rather than quark vacua. More specifically, in our theory we deal with N<Nf<32N massive quark flavors. We consider the vacuum in which N squarks condense. Then we identify a crossover transition from weak to strong coupling. At strong coupling, we find a dual theory, U(Nf-N) SQCD, with Nf light dyon flavors. Dyons condense triggering the formation of non-Abelian strings, which confine monopoles. Screened quarks and gauge bosons of the original theory decay into confined monopole-antimonopole pairs and form stringy mesons.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.105021

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.105021

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79960792117

VL - 83

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 10

M1 - 105021

ER -