No pain, no gain: Insights into changing individual volitional behaviour

Denni Arli, Krzysztof Kubacki, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Andre A. Pekerti, Aaron Tkaczynski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Physical activity is an important component of a healthy lifestyle. The purpose of this study is threefold: first, to empirically examine the effect of attitudes on people's intentions towards starting a new physical activity in three weight groups; second, to explore differences within various demographic groups; and finally, to offer research and practical implications for social marketers who are working in the area of physical activity. A total of 1459 respondents participated in an online survey. Our findings indicate that when individuals hold both negative and positive attitudes towards physical activity, they will have higher intentions to start a new physical activity. Empirical examination identified that overweight and obese people have more negative and less positive attitudes than healthier people toward physical activity. The results indicate that overcoming negative attitudes and reinforcing positive attitudes remain as a necessary condition to influence volitional behaviours such as physical activity, which requires cognitive processing and actions in order for the behaviour to be changed. People engaging in physical activities understand both positive and negative effects of physical activities, and they may engage in physical activities despite knowing there are short-term costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-187
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


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