N—N Double Bond Cleavage And The Ortho Metalation of Azoarenes Using Ru3(nph)(co)10

Joanne A. Smieja, John E. Gozum, Wayne L. Gladfelter

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The reaction of Ru3(NAr)(CO)10with azoarenes under CO results in the cleavage of the N-N double bond to yield Ru3(NAr)2(CO)9and ArNCO. In the absence of CO the insertion into one of the C-H bonds ortho to the azo functional group also occurs. The product distribution is sensitive to the para substituent on the azobenzene, with electron-withdrawing groups favoring N═N bond cleavage, while ortho metalation is favored with electron-donating groups. A single-crystal X-ray crystallographic study of one of the clusters containing an ortho-metalated azoarene, HRu3(NPh)(CH3OC6H3NNC6H4OCH3)(CO)8[PI space group, α= 9.237 (4) A, b = 10.917 (6) A, c = 17.199 (6) A, a = 100.47 (3)°, β= 99.80 (3)°, y = 90.59 (4)°, Z = 2], revealed a closed trinuclear cluster containing a triply bridging NPh, a semibridging carbonyl, an ortho-metalated azoarene, and a bridging hydride trans to the carbon of the ortho-metalated ring. Spectroscopic methods indicate the cluster interconverts in solution at room temperature among three isomers. Reaction of HRu3(NPh)(CH30C6H3NNC6H40CH3)(C0)8with carbon monoxide leads to N-N double bond cleavage, while the reaction with excess azoarene yields a new cluster containing two or-tho-metalated azoarenes. The analogous reaction of Ru3(NPh)(CO)10with N-phenylbenzaldimine was also examined and found to give only the product resulting from ortho metalation of the phenyl ring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1311-1317
Number of pages7
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1987


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