NMR Studies of 1H NOEs in Glycogen

Wei Chen, Xiao Hong Zhu, Robert G. Shulman, Malcolm J. Avison

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8 Scopus citations


We have examined the cross-relaxation behavior among the protons of oyster glycogen using nuclear Overhauser enhancement (NOE). Steady-state and transient NOEs were generated using low-power CW irradiation and frequency-selective inversions. In D2O, saturation of glycogen H2 and H4′ at 3.64 ppm gave a strong negative NOE (77 = −0.74) at H1. The NOE was similar to the value predicted by the correlation time (τc) calculated from the T1 and T2 of glycogen H1 in D2O assuming an isotropic rigid motor dipole-dipole model. Selective inversion of H2 and H4′ gave a transient NOE at H1. In D2O, selective inversion of H1 also led to negative transient NOEs in the H2+H4′, H3, and H5 resonances. The magnitude and rates of appearance of the NOEs in H3 and H5 were too large to arise from direct H1-H3 and H1-H5 dipolar interactions, but were consistent with very efficient cross-relaxation leading to large second-order NOEs. The glycogen H1 NOE in H2O was also studied. Replacement of D2O with H2O as solvent significantly reduced the steady-state NOE at H1 following saturation of H2+H4′. Saturation of the water resonance caused a large negative NOE at H1 (η = −0.55) consistent with our earlier study which indicated that there was no direct dipolar interaction between H1 and free H2O.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11483-11487
Number of pages5
Issue number43
StatePublished - 1993


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