Galectin-3 (Gal-3) binds to cell adhesion glycoprotein CD146 to promote cytokine secretion and mediate endothelial cell migration. Here, we used Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) 15N-Heteronuclear Single Quantum Coherence (HSQC) spectroscopy to investigate binding between 15N-labeled Gal-3 and the extracellular domain (eFL) of purified CD146 (five Ig-like ectodomains D1-D5) and a shorter, D5-deleted version of CD146 (D1-D4). Binding of Gal-3 and its carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) to CD146 D1-D4 is greatly reduced vis-à-vis CD146 eFL, supporting the proposal of a larger number of glycosylation sites on D5. Even though the canonical sugar-binding β-sheet S-face (β-strands 1, 10, 3, 4, 5, 6) of the Gal-3 β-sandwich is involved in interactions with CD146 (e.g. N-linked glycosylation sites), equivalent HSQC spectral perturbations at residues on the opposing Gal-3 F-face β-sheet (β-strands 11, 2, 7, 8, 9) indicate involvement of the Gal-3 F-face in binding CD146. This is supported by the observation that addition of lactose, while significantly attenuating Gal-3 binding (primarily with the S-face) to CD146 eFL, does not abolish it. Bio-Layer Interferometry studies with Gal-3 F-face mutants yield KD values to demonstrate a significant decrease (L203A) or increase (V204A, L218A, T243A) in net binding to CD146 eFL compared to wild type Gal-3. However, HSQC lactose titrations show no highly significant effects on sugar binding to the Gal-3 CRD S-face. Overall, our findings indicate that Gal-3 binding to CD146 is more involved than simple interactions with β-galactoside epitopes on the cell receptor, and that there is a direct role for the lectin's CRD F-face in the CD146 binding process.
- cell adhesion molecule
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.