Gene specific recruitment of bromodomain-containing proteins to chromatin is affected by post-translational acetylation of lysine on histones. Whereas interactions of the bromodomain with acetylation patterns of native histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) have been well characterized, the motif for recognition for histone variants H2A.Z I and H2A.Z II by bromodomains has yet to be fully investigated. Elucidating these molecular mechanisms is crucial for understanding transcriptional regulation in cellular processes involved in both development and disease. Here, we have used protein-observed fluorine NMR to fully characterize the affinities of H2A.Z I and II acetylation patterns for BPTF's bromodomain and found the diacetylated mark of lysine 7 and 13 on H2A.Z II to have the strongest interaction with K7ac preferentially engaging the binding site. We further examined the selectivity of H2A.Z histones against a variety of bromodomains, revealing that the bromodomain of CECR2 binds with the highest affinity and specificity for acetylated H2A.Z I over isoform II. These results support a possible role for different H2A.Z transcriptional activation mechanisms that involve recruitment of chromatin remodeling complexes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research reported in this publication was supported by National Institute of General Medical Sciences Grant R01GM121414. J.A.J. and N.M.O. were supported by National Institutes of Health Biotechnology Training Grants 5T32GM008347-27 and 5T32GM008347-29, respectively.
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