Nipple shields: A review of the literature

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Nipple shields have become commonplace in the United States for a wide range of breastfeeding problems. This article is a summary of the current literature describing the evidence for nipple shield use. The authors reviewed all available articles on nipple shields and selected 13 studies for inclusion. The studies were organized into three categories: physiologic responses, premature infants, and mothers' experiences. This review concludes that current published research does not provide evidence for safety or effectiveness of contemporary nipple shield use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-314
Number of pages6
JournalBreastfeeding Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010


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