Nicotine fading as a nonaversive alternatative in a broad-spectrum treatment for eliminating smoking

Harry A. Lando, Paul G. McGovern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The present investigation assessed the effectiveness of nicotine fading as nonaversive alternative to oversmoking. Subjects (66 women and 64 men) were randomly assigned to oversmoking, nicotine fading, nicotine fading/smokeholding, and nonmaitenance control. Results failed to indicate the expected superiority of nicotine fading/maintenance over the control condition. Instead, the addition of smoke holding appeared to produce a significant incremental effect over nicotine fading alone. Unfortunately, 12-month follow-up revealed considerable relapse across conditions and no significant treatment effects. Even so, absolute outcome for nicotine fading/smokeholding was encouraging. This procedure is both safe and apparently very acceptable to subjects. If the current results can be replicated, a clinically effective technique will have been established with applicability in both clinic and self-help settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-161
Number of pages9
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Preparation of this article was facilitated by Grant #PBR-7 awarded to the first author by the American Cancer Society. Requests for reprints should be sent to Harry A. Lando, Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011


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