News media literacy, perceptions of bias, and interpretation of news

Melissa Tully, Emily K. Vraga, Anne Bennett Smithson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Drawing on interviews with a diverse group of adults living in the United States, this study examines news media literacy and how perceptions of personal bias and news bias affect news choices and interpretation in general and evaluation of two news stories specifically. Findings suggest that while people recognize that their worldviews shape their news choices in the abstract and believe that news bias occurs for a variety of complex reasons, when faced with analyzing stories, they point to political partisanship connected to specific news outlets as the root of bias in news with most relying on source cues to make their assessments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-226
Number of pages18
Issue number2
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018.


  • Bias
  • hostile media effects
  • news
  • news media literacy
  • partisanship
  • selective exposure
  • source cues


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