New species of the endemic Neotropical caddisfly genus Contulma from the Andes of Ecuador (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae)

Ralph W Holzenthal, Blanca Ríos-Touma, Ernesto Rázuri-Gonzales

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1 Scopus citations


The genus Contulma Flint (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae) is composed mostly of regionally endemic species occurring above 2,000 m, with a few more widespread species and some that are found at lower elevations. Adults of three new species of Contulma are described and illustrated from the Andes of Ecuador, Contulma lina, new species, Contulma quito, new species, and Contulma sangay, new species. These species are similar to previously described species from the region, including C. paluguillensis, C. nevada, and C. lancelolata. New provincial records are provided for C. bacula, C. cataracta, and C. echinata. Contulma duffi Oláh, 2016 is considered a junior, subjective synonym of C. penai, Holzenthal & Flint, 1995. Also, we provide an identification key to males of the 30 Contulma species now known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3967
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by Universidad de Las Américas project AMB.BRT.17.005 ‘‘Diversidad y Distribución de Trichoptera de Ecuador’’ and Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station projects MIN17-017 and 17-029. Ernesto Rázuri-Gonzales was funded through a doctoral fellowship from Cienciactiva, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología, e Innovación Tecnológica Perú (contract 277-2015-FONCECYT). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


  • Andean streams
  • Aquatic macroinvertebrates
  • Caddisflies
  • Endemism
  • Morphology
  • Neotropics
  • Species description
  • Taxonomy


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