New generation intraoperative three-dimensional imaging (O-arm) in 100 spine surgeries: Does it change the surgical procedure?

Jonathan N. Sembrano, Edward Rainier G. Santos, David W. Polly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


The O-arm (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Inc., Memphis, TN, USA), an intraoperative CT scan imaging system, may provide high-quality imaging information to the surgeon. To our knowledge, its impact on spine surgery has not been studied. We reviewed 100 consecutive spine surgical procedures which utilized the new generation mobile intraoperative CT imaging system (O-arm). The most common diagnoses were degenerative conditions (disk disease, spondylolisthesis, stenosis and acquired kyphosis), seen in 49 patients. The most common indication for imaging was spinal instrumentation in 81 patients (74 utilized pedicle screws). In 52 (70%) of these, the O-arm was used to assess screw position after placement; in 22 (30%), it was coupled with Stealth navigation (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Inc.) to guide screw placement. Another indication was to assess adequacy of spinal decompression in 38 patients; in 19 (50%) of these, intrathecal contrast material was used to obtain an intraoperative CT myelogram. In 20 patients O-arm findings led to direct surgeon intervention in the form of screw removal/repositioning (n = 13), further decompression (n = 6), interbody spacer repositioning (n = 1), and removal of kyphoplasty trocar (n = 1). In 20% of spine surgeries, the procedure was changed based on O-arm imaging findings. We found the O-arm to be useful for assessment of instrumentation position, adequacy of spinal decompression, and confirmation of balloon containment and cement filling in kyphoplasty. When used with navigation for image-guided surgery, it obviated the need for registration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-231
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • Intra-operative CT scan
  • Intra-operative imaging
  • O-arm


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