Neutrino-nucleus interaction and supernova r-process nucleosynthesis

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We discuss various neutrino-nucleus interactions in connection with the supernova r-process nucleosynthesis, which possibly occurs in the neutrino-driven wind of a young neutron star. These interactions include ve and v̄e absorptions on free nucleons, ve captures on neutron-rich nuclei, and neutral-current vμ(τ) and v̄μ(τ) interactions with α-particles and neutron-rich nuclei. We describe how these interactions can affect the r-process nucleosynthesis and discuss the implications of their effects for the physical conditions leading to a successful supernova r-process. We conclude that a low electron fraction and/or a short dynamic time scale may be required to give the sufficient neutron-to-seed ratio for an r-process in the neutrino-driven wind. In the case of a short dynamic time scale, the wind has to be contained during the r-process. Possible mechanisms which can give a low electron fraction or contain the wind are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-370
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Physics A
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Aug 4 1997


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