Neuroscience step-down unit admission criteria for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage

Ayham M. Alkhachroum, Oladi Bentho, Neel Chari, Ashish Kulhari, Wei Xiong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives The goal of our study is to determine optimal criteria which can be used to avoid admission to neuroscience intensive care units for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Patients and methods This is a retrospective cohort study of 431 patients with primary ICH from January 2013 to the end of December 2015 and reviewed multiple admitting characteristics. Based on these needs, we tested the following step-down unit admission criteria: Supratentorial ICH, ICH volume <20 cc, no Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), systolic BP <200 mmHg, no respiratory failure, GCS ≥ 12. We classified 431 patients into two groups; 1-Patients who met step-down unit admission Criteria (71 patients). 2-Patients who didn't meet the criteria (360 patients). Results In our patients, 16.5% fulfilled the criteria. Length of stay in the ICU was 1.43 days in step-down unit admission criteria patients. None of the patients who fulfilled the criteria were readmitted to the ICU, compared to 3 readmissions among the group of patients who did not fulfill the criteria (P = 0.82). None of these patients required a neurosurgical procedure vs 47 patients (10.9%) in the other group (P = 0.04). Among patients who met the criteria, 83.1% were discharged home or rehab RR 0.33 CI (0.19–0.55), (P < 0.0001). Conclusion We propose that patients who fulfill step-down unit admission criteria can be safely monitored in stroke unit and they have no need for ICU admission. Further studies are needed to validate these criteria in a prospective manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-15
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume162
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Admission criteria
  • Disposition
  • ICH score
  • Intensive care unit
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Step-down unit

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