Neuroradiographic findings in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome

Lauren A. Bohm, Tom C. Zhou, Tyler J. Mingo, Sarah L. Dugan, Richard J. Patterson, James D. Sidman, Brianne B. Roby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a common genetic disorder with enormous phenotypic heterogeneity. Despite the established prevalence of developmental and neuropsychiatric issues in this syndrome, its neuroanatomical correlates are not as well understood. A retrospective chart review was performed on 111 patients diagnosed with 22q11.2DS. Of the 111 patients, 24 with genetically confirmed 22q11.2 deletion and brain MRI or MRA were included in this study. The most common indications for imaging were unexplained developmental delay (6/24), seizures of unknown etiology (5/24), and unilateral weakness (3/24). More than half (13/24) of the patients had significant radiographic findings, including persistent cavum septi pellucidi and/or cavum vergae (8/24), aberrant cortical veins (6/24), polymicrogyria or cortical dysplasia (4/24), inner ear deformities (3/24), hypoplastic internal carotid artery (2/24), and hypoplastic cerebellum (1/24). These findings reveal the types and frequencies of brain malformations in this case series, and suggest that the prevalence of neuroanatomical abnormalities in 22q11.2DS may be underestimated. Understanding indications for imaging and frequently encountered brain malformations will result in early diagnosis and intervention in an effort to optimize patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2158-2165
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume173
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome
  • DiGeorge syndrome
  • brain
  • developmental delay
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • velocardiofacial syndrome

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