Neuropsychological profile of hearing-impaired patients and the effect of hearing aid on cognitive functions: an exploratory study

Sofia Cuoco, Arianna Cappiello, Alfonso Scarpa, Donato Troisi, Maria Autuori, Sara Ponticorvo, Claudia Cassandro, Renzo Manara, Fabrizio Esposito, Gabriella Santangelo, Paolo Barone, Ettore Cassandro, Maria Teresa Pellecchia

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11 Scopus citations


Few studies have investigated the neuropsychological profile of Hearing Loss (HL) subjects and the effects of hearing-aid on cognitive decline. We investigated the neuropsychological profile of HL patients at baseline and compared the neuropsychological profiles of patients with and without hearing-aid at 6 month. Fifty-six HL patients and 40 healthy subjects (HC) underwent neuropsychological and behavioral examination and were compared at baseline. Changes at follow-up were compared between HL patients with (N = 25) and without (N = 31) hearing-aids. At baseline, significant differences between HL and HC were found in MOCA test, Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM) and SF-36. Among mild-HL patients, patients with hearing-aid significantly improved on the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) as compared to patients without hearing-aid. Our findings indicate that hearing loss is associated with both a reduced efficiency of the global cognitive state and a worse quality of life as compared to HC, supporting the association between HL and cognitive impairment. Moreover, only patients with mild-HL shows some cognitive improvement after using hearing-aid, suggesting that rehabilitative strategies may be more effective to delay cognitive decline in such patients. However, we cannot exclude that hearing-aids may affect cognitive decline in more severe-HL, but a longer follow-up is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9384
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

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