Neurons and microvessels express the brain glucose transporter protein GLUT3

David Z. Gerhart, Margaret A. Broderius, Nancy D. Borson, Lester R Drewes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

To elucidate glucose transport mechanisms in brain and to demonstrate the cellular expression of the braintype glucose transporter (GLUT3), antisera to a synthetic peptide corresponding to the C terminus were prepared and used as probes for this isoform of the facultative glucose transporter family. Immunocytochemistry of frozen sections of dog and rat brain demonstrated GLUT3 antigen in pyramidal cell bodies and processes, in microvessels, and in intima pia or glia limitans. Immunoanalysis of Western blots identified a protein (Mr, 45,000) that was present in both neuron/neuropil and microvessel fractions. The presence of the GLUT3 message in brain was confirmed by Northern blot analysis and by amplifying and partially sequencing GLUT3 cDNA by PCR. These findings demonstrate a neuron glucose transporter in tissue and suggest that GLUT3 may play an important role in brain metabolism under physiological and pathophysiological conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)733-737
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Northern blot
  • Transport
  • Western blot

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