Electrical transmural stimulation (ETS) was used to examine the neuroregulation of electrolyte transport in the porcine distal colon. ETS of the colonic mucosa-submucosa mounted in Ussing chambers produced rapid and transient increases in short-circuit current (I(sc)) that were inhibited 36% by serosal bumetanide, suggesting that a portion of the response may be attributed to Cl secretion. ETS actions were dependent upon stimulus intensity and frequency and were inhibited by tetrodotoxin and ω-conotoxin. Prazosin and pyrilamine had no effect on the mucosal responses to ETS, whereas atropine reduced the responses by 32%. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) also reduced the mucosal responses to ETS up to 60% (half-maximal effective concentration = 17 nM). In addition, the effects of leukotriene C4, previously shown to stimulate Cl secretion via a neuronal pathway, were also inhibited by NPY. These results indicate that cholinergic submucosal neurons play a role in the regulation of epithelial ion transport and that NPY acts as an inhibitory neuromodulator, particularly on leukotriene-sensitive neurons in the porcine distal colon.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Issue number||2 38-2|
|State||Published - 1995|
- colonic secretion
- enteric neurons
- sulfidopeptide leukotrienes