Neuroleptics and learning: Effects of haloperidol, molindone, mesoridazine and thioridazine on the behavior of pigeons under a repeated acquisition procedure

A. Poling, J. Cleary, K. Berens, T. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of haloperidol (0.3-10 mg/kg), molindone (0.3-5.6 mg/kg), mesoridazine (0.3-10) and thioridazine (0.3-25 mg/kg) on the behavior of pigeons exposed to a repeated acquisition procedure. At sufficiently high doses, each of these neuroleptics increased error rates (interfered with learning) and reduced rate of responding. When the drugs were compared on the basis of absolute doses administered, haloperidol disrupted behavior at doses considerably lower than the other drugs. If, however, chlorpromazine equivalent doses were examined, haloperidol was the least disruptive of the four drugs. Comparing the degree of behavioral disruption produced by the four drugs with their relative neuroreceptor affinities for dopamine D-2, cholinergic muscarinic, histamine H1, alpha-1 adrenergic and alpha-2 adrenergic receptors suggests that behavioral disruption cannot be attributed in any simple way to dopamine or acetylcholine receptor blockade. The relationship between the behavioral effects of neuroleptics and their simple neuropharmacological actions must be considered as highly tentative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1240-1245
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume255
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1990

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