Neighborhood socioeconomic conditions are associated with psychosocial functioning in older black and white adults

Susan A. Everson-Rose, Kimberly A. Skarupski, Lisa L. Barnes, Todd Beck, Denis A. Evans, Carlos F. Mendes de Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES) in relation to depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and hostility in 5770 community-dwelling older black and white adults (mean age=73 years; 62% female) from 3 contiguous neighborhoods covering 82 census block groups in Chicago, IL. NSES was an average of z-scores of four Census 2000 block-group variables: % public assistance, % households earning <25,000 annually, % with >college degree, and % owner-occupied dwellings valued >200,000. NSES was inversely related to hostility (beta=-0.305), stress (beta=-0.333), and depressive symptoms (beta=-0.223) (p<0.001) in multi-level mixed-effects regression models adjusted for age, sex, race, and the number of years in the neighborhood. With further adjustment for education, income, marital status, and health conditions, NSES remained associated with depressive symptoms (beta=-0.078) and hostility (beta=-0.133) (p<0.05); the association with hostility was strongest in non-black neighborhoods. Neighborhood social conditions contribute to the psychosocial well-being of older residents; research is needed to investigate pathways through which neighborhoods influence health outcomes in an aging population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)793-800
Number of pages8
JournalHealth and Place
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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socioeconomic conditions
Hostility
socioeconomic status
Social Class
social status
Censuses
Depression
census
Public Assistance
Independent Living
hydroquinone
aging population
Social Conditions
Health
Marital Status
health
marital status
social factors
assistance
Group

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Multi-level models
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Socioeconomic status

Cite this

Neighborhood socioeconomic conditions are associated with psychosocial functioning in older black and white adults. / Everson-Rose, Susan A.; Skarupski, Kimberly A.; Barnes, Lisa L.; Beck, Todd; Evans, Denis A.; Mendes de Leon, Carlos F.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 17, No. 3, 01.01.2011, p. 793-800.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Everson-Rose, Susan A. ; Skarupski, Kimberly A. ; Barnes, Lisa L. ; Beck, Todd ; Evans, Denis A. ; Mendes de Leon, Carlos F. / Neighborhood socioeconomic conditions are associated with psychosocial functioning in older black and white adults. In: Health and Place. 2011 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 793-800.
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